BACKGROUND:

beta-Alanine (betaA) has been shown to improve performance during cycling. This study was the first to examine the effects of betaA supplementation on the onset of blood lactate accumulation (OBLA) during incremental treadmill running.

METHODS:

Seventeen recreationally-active men (mean +/- SE 24.9 +/- 4.7 yrs, 180.6 +/- 8.9 cm, 79.25 +/- 9.0 kg) participated in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pre/post test 2-treatment experimental design. Subjects participated in two incremental treadmill tests before and after 28 days of supplementation with either betaA (6.0 g.d-1)(betaA, n = 8) or an equivalent dose of Maltodextrin as the Placebo (PL, n = 9). Heart rate, percent heart rate maximum (%HRmax), %VO2max@OBLA (4.0 mmol.L-1 blood lactate concentration) and VO2max (L.min-1) were determined for each treadmill test. Friedman test was used to determine within group differences; and Mann-Whitney was used to determine between group differences for pre and post values (p < 0.05).

RESULTS:

The betaA group experienced a significant rightward shift in HR@OBLA beats.min-1 (p < 0.01) pre/post (161.6 +/- 19.2 to 173.6 +/- 9.9) but remained unchanged in the PL group (166.8 +/- 15.8 to 169.6 +/- 16.1). The %HRmax@OBLA increased (p < 0.05) pre/post in the betaA group (83.0% +/- 9.7 to 88.6% +/- 3.7) versus no change in the PL group (86.3 +/- % 4.8 to 87.9% +/- 7.2). The %VO2max@OBLA increased (p < 0.05) in the betaA group pre/post (69.1 +/- 11.0 to 75.6 +/- 10.7) but remained unchanged in the PL group (73.3 +/- 7.3 to 74.3 +/- 7.3). VO2max (L.min-1) decreased (p < 0.01) in the betaA group pre/post (4.57 +/- 0.8 to 4.31 +/- 0.8) versus no change in the PL group (4.04 +/- 0.7 to 4.18 +/- 0.8). Body mass kg increased (p < 0.05) in the betaA group pre/post (77.9 +/- 9.0 to 78.3 +/- 9.3) while the PL group was unchanged (80.6 +/- 9.1 to 80.4 +/- 9.0).

CONCLUSIONS:

betaA supplementation for 28 days enhanced sub-maximal endurance performance by delaying OBLA. However, betaA supplemented individuals had a reduced aerobic capacity as evidenced by the decrease in VO2max values post supplementation.

FULL article:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2887393/?tool=pubmed

 

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